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Sulphur Handling

What is Sulphur?

The 16th element on the periodic table of elements, Sulphur, is generally a byproduct of the oil and gas industry (sour oil or gas, which is in abundance in Alberta), but can also be mined at certain locations across the globe. 

How is it Produced?

Sulphur generally comes out of the degassing process as a liquid (blood-red color) with a temperature of over 115°C (more often >120°C).  A number of technologies can be used to “form” the liquid into sulphur granules for bulk handling, as this is the easiest form for transportation.  Often times, the forming process is part of an auxiliary unit of the broader facility. However, this is not necessary, as a forming plant is able to process feeds from multiple sources and destinations. 

Known for its rotten egg smell, sulphur does pose some hazards.  In addition to the potential for exposure to H2S, sulphur can also generate fatal levels of SO2 if it’s under fire.  Another hazard, sometimes forgotten about is sulphur dust.  Under the right conditions, sulphur dust, can be explosive and can wreak havoc on a facility, therefore the forming and handling systems need to take this hazard into account.  Proper facility infrastructure, such as dust suppression, materials of construction to prevent corrosion and area classification to prevent fires and explosions must all be taken into account.

What is Sulphur Used for?

Sulphur has a number of uses although it is mainly used to produce sulphuric acid which can then be used to facilitate various chemical reactions.  Globally, the largest consumer of sulphuric acid is the phosphate fertiliser industry to extract the phosphate from the phosphate rock. 

Extensive Sulphur-Handling Experience

As a full service EPC with a specialty in Sulphur, Tri Innovations has the expertise across all disciplines to engineer sulphur handling solutions.  Whether it is a terminal design for the reception and management of liquid and/or solid sulphur, to the selection and design of the forming process, or the design of storage and re-melting of solid bulk sulphur for long term pile management, Tri Innovations can assist you with your project by engineering the right solution which meet your needs.  

1. Block Pouring

Tri Innovations consults with the railway on behalf of the client in order to understand the type of rail service and determine appropriate design specifications. Tri Innovations has access to rail industry veterans with deep understanding of Class 1 rail operations in all regions.

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